Danish national crisis management
In general, Denmark is a safe society, with a well-functioning infrastructure and a high degree of security in energy supply. Although relatively few major accidents and disasters occur, extraordinary incidents do take place. Man-made or natural incidents, unpredicted or predicted - one common feature for all such incidents is that they require an extraordinary response.
Some incidents are so severe, extensive, prolonged or complex, that they require crisis management involving several authorities, both at national and local level. In such cases the response is coordinated within the framework of the national crisis management system.
In Denmark, the crisis management system is constructed as a general and flexible capacity, and therefore the system is applied to any kind of accident or disaster, as well as scheduled large-scale events, such as political summits.
Within the national crisis management system, the cross-sectoral coordination can take place on four levels:
- The government’s crisis management organisation
- The National Operational Staff
- The 12 local operational staffs
- The local incident command in the response area
The national crisis management system also supports effective and swift application of society’s collective resources during a crisis. The overarching objective is to limit the consequences of major accidents and disasters as much as possible, so that society can quickly return to normal.
Any governmental authority can be required to play a role in the crisis management system, but it is the specific circumstances of a given incident, that determine which authorities must participate in which crisis staffs. The crisis management system in Denmark is based on the precondition that all government authorities – at central, regional, and local levels – are responsible for familiarising themselves with, and preparing themselves for, their respective roles and responsibilities. According to chapter 5 in the Danish Emergency Management Act all authorities are required to plan for the continuity and maintenance of vital societal functions within their sector in case of major accidents and disasters. This obligation includes the timely development of preparedness plans.
All authorities must thus prepare to:
- Conduct crisis management within their own sector.
- Assist other authorities during major accidents and disasters that involve several sectors.
- Participate in cross-sectoral crisis management fora.
Last updated 2015-05-07 - 14:29