Fire and rescue service in Denmark
The Danish fire and rescue service works to prevent, reduce and remedy any damage or injury inflicted on human life, property or the environment as a consequence of accidents or disasters.
Multi-level emergency management
The Danish fire and rescue service is deployed in situations of fire and natural disasters. It is designed as a multi-level system. The municipal fire and rescue service (Level 1) is in charge of day-to-day emergency management. The municipal and national support sites (Level 2) assist by supplying equipment for the most frequent tasks while the national fire and rescue centres (Level 3) assist in larger, long-term or particularly personnel-intensive accidents.
Level 1: The municipal fire and rescue service
The municipality may choose to have a municipal fire fighting service or enter into a contract with a private company (most often Falck) or a voluntary fire brigade. The first turn-out of the fire-fighting service must depart as soon as possible and within five minutes of the alarm. The number of fire-fighting vehicles and fire-fighters is established by the local council on the basis of a local risk assessment. The response of the fire and rescue service at the site of damage is managed by the municipal onsite commander while the overall response is coordinated by the police.
Level 2: The municipal and national support sites
If the municipal fire and rescue service does not have enough capacity to handle an accident using its own resources, it may call upon the assistance of nine municipal and national support sites situated in Aalborg, Århus, Esbjerg, Fredericia, Odense, Kalundborg, Fredensborg, Greve and Nykøbing Falster or the five national fire and rescue centres. The support site assistance can reach a site of damage throughout the country within an hour.
The municipal support sites are staffed by full-time or part-time employees of the municipality or local volunteers, and DEMA places equipment at their disposal. This may be water tankers, lighting equipment or high-pressure compressors. The municipal and national support sites thus only offer equipment.
Level 3: The national fire and rescue service
In the case of comprehensive accidents requiring special equipment or large amounts of equipment and personnel, the municipalities may call on the assistance of DEMA’s five fire and rescue centres in Thisted, Herning, Haderslev, Næstved and Allinge all on 24-hour turn-out duty. DEMA’s centres may dispatch personnel and equipment within five minutes and reach destinations all over the country within approx. two hours. DEMA can rapidly muster up to 1,150 conscripts, non-commissioned officers and volunteers.
DEMA also has two voluntary response forces deployed in Hedehusene and Herning at its disposal, which may support the fire and rescue service with approx. 400 volunteers.
Last updated 2011-10-18 - 10:19